Sakalya Ayurveda Bones, Joints and Arthritis Clinic is a dedicated facility for the management facility to preserve the bones and joints healthily through healthy bone friendly Ayurveda bone and joint regimen and treatments. Like any other tissues of the body the bones and joints are also vulnerable to wear and tear, degeneration and diseases of various kinds owing to natural and induced factors. Preservation of structure, protection from disease and management of joint disorders are meticulously followed at Sakalya Ayurveda Bones, Joints and Arthritis Clinic through authentic and scientifically customized multi-pronged Ayurveda treatment programs.

Overview of Structure: Human musculoskeletal system is a complex structure made up of muscles, tendons, ligaments, bones, cartilage, joints and bursae working with the nervous system to ensure mobility, structure and protection to the internal viscera. The 233 bones a human body makes up to 14% of the body weight. Joints or articulations are structures formed by the articulation of the surfaces of two or more bones.

Joint Classification: Human body has around 400 joints classified as synovial, cartilaginous, fibrous and combination joints based on the structure. Functionally there are immovable synarthrosis, slightly movable amphiarthrosis and freely movable diarthrosis joints.

Synovial joints, based on the type of movement are further classified into gliding (plane) joint having a flat or slightly curved articular surface, hinge joint  having a convex part of bone fitting into the concave part of another bone, pivot (swivel) joint having a bone with a rounded end fitting into a groove of another bone, condylar joint having a bony surface that is oval-shaped fitting into a concave surface of another bone and ball-and-socket joint where the round end of one bone fits into the concave socket of the other bone.

Joint movements:

Joint Type

                Movement Type

Joint Name

Pivot Joint

Uniaxial rotational movement

C1–C2 vertebrae, proximal radio-ulnar joint

Hinge      Joint

Flexion and extension movements

Knee; elbow; ankle; inter-phalangeal joints of fingers and toes

Condyloid              Joint

Flexion and extension; abduction and adduction and circumduction movements

Meta-carpo-phalangeal (knuckle) joints of fingers, radio-carpal joint of wrist and meta-tarso-phalangeal joints for toes


Saddle Joint

Flexion and extension; abduction and adduction; and circumduction movements

First carpometacarpal joint of the thumb; sterno-clavicular joint

Plane      Joint

Inversion and eversion; flexion, extension, and lateral flexion

Inter-tarsal joints of foot; superior and inferior articular process articulations between vertebrae of the spine


Ball and Socket Joint

Flexion and extension;  abduction and adduction; circumduction and medial/lateral rotation movements

Shoulder and hip joints


Arthritis and Ayurveda: Arthritis is not a disease but is a general term that covers more than 100 disorders and diseases related to joints. Determining the type of arthritis is the most important stage in the management plan of arthritis since the causes, signs, symptoms and treatment of each type is unique and different.


 Ayurveda is the system that offers a comprehensive management of arthritis and joint disorders by completely curing an uncomplicated joint disease, reducing the possibility of its recurrence, managing the pain, improving mobility reversing the tissue damage to the maximum possible extent and  enhancing the quality of life  in degenerative diseases. The management of arthritis at our clinic is through safe and effective herbal medications and therapies. The advantage is minimal side effects of medicines even on long term usage.  

Ayurveda has elaborated on arthritis thousands of years ago detailing the causes, pathogenesis, signs, symptoms, complications and treatments. Different types of arthritis as per Ayurveda are Amavatha, Vatharaktha, Sandhigatha Vatha and Asthigathavatha. The common contemporary categorization of joint diseases is Rheumatoid Arthritis, Osteo-arthritis, Negative Arthropathies, Gout, Systemic Lupus Erythematosis, Spondylitis, Infective Arthritis etc.

All these conditions have excellent remedial and management plans in Ayurveda. Ayurveda treatment for Arthritis is of two modalities depending on the age of the patient, general health condition, cause, pathology, lifestyle and the chronicity of the disease, climate etc. The modalities are

Shamana: Conservative moderate line of management with internal medications like decoctions, tablets, powders, medicated ghee, fermented preparations, etc. apart from applications of oils, herbal pastes etc.

Shodhana and Rasayana: Detoxifying and nourishing intensive line of in-patient management with customized purificatory Panchakarma treatments and nourishing-strengthening-rejuvenating Rasayana treatments.

Degenerative Joint Diseases and Ayurveda: Age, heredity, hormonal imbalance, nutritional deficiency, lifestyle and many other factors are reasons for Osteopenia, Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and other degenerative diseases more common in old age and affect the weight bearing bones and joints. The management at Sakalya Ayurveda Bones, Joints and Arthritis Clinic line is programmed to reduce the inflammation, regress the process of degeneration, replenish the production of synovial fluid, repair the damaged cartilage and refurbish the supporting muscles, ligaments and tendons.

Sakalya Ayurveda Bones, Joints and Arthritis Clinic offers the best possible therapeutic results for the bone and joint health and joint disorders.  Our comprehensive individualistic experienced doctors’ formulated treatment programs are a time tested perfected combination of classical Ayurveda treatments like Panchakarma, traditional Kerala Ayurveda treatments, Yoga, Diet counselling, and Physiotherapy. 

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